Since time immemorial “Kangleipak“, the presently called Manipur has a long and glorious history from the beginning of the Christian era. Nongda Lairen Pakhangba (33–154 AD) was the first ruler and the creator of Manipur according to the oldest Puya followed by many rulers till the British conquered Manipur in 1891 and ruled the state until 1947.
The Kingdom of Manipur was an ancient independent kingdom in North-Eastern India for many centuries. From the beginning, the Meitei people have been living in the valleys of Manipur alongside the highlander in the hills and valley in peace. It is also believed by many historians that Pangal (Muslims) people settled in the valleys during the reign of Meidingu Khagemba in the year 1606. Since then, they also lived along with the Meitei.
The British left Manipur on 14 August 1947 one day before Indian independence. Manipur became an independent country until
15 October 1949 when it was merged into India following the Shillong Merger Agreement.
Geographical Location of Manipur
Manipur is located in the North-Eastern part of India surrounded by lush hills on all sides. Its capital is Imphal which is situated at the heart of the valley. Being a hilly state and lesser know place the population of the state is not in a very large number. In the east Manipur is bounded by Myanmar (Burma), the state of Nagaland on the north, on the west by Assam and on the south by the state of Mizoram and Myanmar.
The total area of the state is 22,327 Sq Km and lies between 23.830 N and 25.680 N latitude and between 93.030 E and 94.780 E longitude. The state can be divided into two parts namely the valley and the hills. About 9/10 of the total land area is covered by the hills.
The official language of the state is Manipuri.
Districts of Manipur
Manipur, a state in India, has sixteen administrative districts namely Bishnupur, Chandel, Churachandpur, Imphal East, Imphal West, Jiribam, Kakching, Kamjong, Kangpokpi, Noney, Pherzawl, Senapati, Tamenglong, Tengnoupal, Thoubal, Ukhrul.
Manipur and WWII
Even though the state is a tiny place on the earth, its people experienced the worst part of WWII. Locally the WWII is popularly known as “Japan Laan” among the people. Manipur is the part of India that was mostly affected by WWII. Manipur became the battleground for the Japanese and the British once the former took over Burma in 1942.
During WWII Moirang (a small town of Manipur) was the headquarters of the INA (Indian National Army). Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was the commander in chief of INA. The INA Museum at Moirang displays some wartime relics from across Manipur dating back to 1944, including arms and ammunition, bayonets, helmets, and bottles. The only official museum dedicated to the Second World War in Manipur is INA Museum located at Moirang.
State Animal of Manipur
Sangai (Rucervus eldii eldii ) is the state animal of Manipur. The animal is classified as Endangered (EN) by the IUCN according to wildlife (Protection) act, 1972. Sangai is found only in Manipur, India. Sangai is endemic to Manipur. They are found in southern parts of Loktak Lake and Keibul Lamjao National Park.