2020 is a year of change and unforeseen events. This year the world had to face many new setbacks and changes. A change for good also came in India’s education system with the introduction of New Education Policy 2020 in July. InsideManipur analyses this remarkable improvement in academics and how it is going to affect the future.
On the face of it, these new reforms look set to replace the obsolete factual and conventional education with a modern system, emphasizing vocational knowledge and creativity. Such a step was drastically needed as our old system has also been criticized as a colonial one. We had been carrying a 34-year old curriculum, and now these reforms would bring Indians on par with global standards and methodology. With the freedom of entry and exit in degree courses, freedom of choice in subjects, and more importance to skill instead of mugging and restructuring exams, this policy seems to make a promising difference.
Let’s jump straight into the key highlights of the New Education Policy 2020
Re-Design Of School Education
1. This new education policy aims to improve and target children’s crucial learning abilities by replacing the old 10+2 exam system. The expansion would shift the focus from limited adolescent years to a 3-18 years age group for wholesome development. These 12 years of school classes will be backed by three years of pre-schooling or Anganwadi. Next, you get to see that the educational milestone system will become 5+3+3+4 divided into ages of 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, and 14-18 years.
2. The important board exams of class 10 and 12 would become convenient, and the exam will focus more on students’ inputs instead of factual knowledge. Students can even attempt an exam twice.
3. This new curriculum system is designed to focus on employment-oriented syllabus developing skills and innovation among children. That’s why vocational-ed and internships are to be introduced from class 6th.
4. At last, to keep track of the progress and assess the system’s impact, there will be an all-around holistic progress card, stating students’ progress in every field of education.
5. NCFTE 2021 will be implemented for teacher training too.
6. Medium of education now can be shifted to your regional language and mother tongue for primary and middle education.
Higher Education And Freedom
1. With the establishment of the new HECI (Higher Education Commission of India), higher education looks to be united and interdisciplinary. The HECI would be responsible for managing all higher education systems and their needs so that it will work as a single umbrella. Although leaving aside the legal and medical education, HECI will decide the norms for private and public institutions regarding their credit system and academics.
2. This body will look to increase enrolment for higher education from a minimal 26.3% to at least 50% by the year 2035.
3. Flexibility in undergraduate and postgraduate seems to be the biggest highlight of this policy with the multiple entries and exit options into a degree of three to four years. Also, the students will receive apt certification after the completion of each semester or year.
4. Interdisciplinary education will be a reasonable practice as there would be an overall academic credit system. These credits would be stored and can be transferred to another course.
5. Multidisciplinary education to be started from school level and continued to higher education too. This will provide students to be freed from a rigid stream system and choose subjects of their liking from the middle to the high school level.
6. A National Research Foundation (NRF) is going to be established as the regulatory and authority for all higher education research and development. This body will focus on creating a research-oriented study curriculum and options for researchers much more convenient.
7. Research and development has seen another improvement with the removal of M.Phil and adjoining the Ph.d. with post and undergraduate courses.
8. National forums and institutes to be set up for providing attention to various languages, improvements in education methods, integration of tech, and the free exchange of ideas.
9. Most importantly, India will focus on increasing investment in education up to 6% of its GDP.
Significant Effects Of These Changes
1. This New Education policy puts India on par with international education systems and standards. Most developed nations have modernistic approaches in their education and training using tech, vocational demonstration, and practical assignments. Now with the introduction of vocational studies from class 6, a student is expected to excel in the field of his choice, have professional experience, and more in-depth knowledge about their subjects.
2. Another similarity that puts India on a global mantle is the flexibility and freedom that is projected. As the NEP looks to blur the lines between stream rigidity and offer more options for students in terms of subjects and curriculum, we are expected to have a more superior professional task force.
3. Due care has been given to the unification of education and make this policy for everyone. One such example is regulation through singular norms and a greater focus on education in regional languages.
4. Establishment of single bodies for higher education and teacher training means that there will be fewer discrepancies and more efficient results. A single authority is expected to regulate and work adequately by bringing every institution under a better standard.
5. Improvements like flexibility in duration, credit system, and transfer and research progression suggest that India looks to overcome problems like brain drain and resource drainage with state of the art changes.
Conclusion on the New Education Policy of India
The New Education Policy, via the eyes of people, looks like a dream come true. India has been an important name on the global stage and is progressing rapidly. This policy seems like a boon to encounter employment issues and prepare a generation of skilled human resources.
The gist of the matter is that although with such visionary steps, the reality is still far away, and it all depends on implementation and management. But at this moment, the future of India looks brighter than ever before.